Visuomotor coordination skills play an important part in many everyday situations such as driving a car, using household equipment or picking up objects.
Coordinating motor movements with visual stimuli requires a number of different abilities. First, it is necessary to identify what movements are necessary to achieve a particular goal. This involves creating internal models of the movement. After this the relevant movement must be planned and prepared, and finally the movement is executed. While the movement is being performed, the individual must use visual feedback to monitor whether the desired goal is being achieved. If necessary the movement must be changed, or a new movement may need to be initiated. At the same time, all external influences on the movement – such as gravity – must be taken into account.
VISMO trains clients’ visuomotor coordination by means of tracking tasks. These involve using a joystick to keep a circle positioned over a target object on the screen. The target object moves across the screen along a path that varies in its degree of complexity. A number of studies have shown that regular training with tasks of this type improves visuomotor performance in patients with motor disabilities. There is also evidence that these tasks can improve visuomotor ability even in people without motor disabilities.